5 figures that prove that equality between men and women has not yet been achieved

Deep-rooted inequalities between men and women. The latest INSEE study emphasizes that in several aspects of everyday life, the role of women in society, employment and wages, equality has not been achieved. Occitania is no exception. 5 instructive figures.

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Changing roles within the family, the implications of age on social and economic life, and constant differences in income shape our society. Despite significant progress and measures for equality, inequality between men and women still exists.

Here are 5 figures that speak for themselves when it comes to the place of women in politics, society, education and salaries.

They represent 60.0% in the region. But this difference is not identical depending on age.
The distribution of Occitania's 5,973,969 inhabitants is fairly balanced between men (48.3%) and women (51.7%). These figures change across generations, particularly among young people, where women make up 49.0% of under-30s, compared to 49.2% in the national average. Life expectancy accounts for this difference, at 85.6 years for women and 80 years for men in 2020.

10.1% of the population is 75 or older compared to 9.5% nationally. There are more women in those years, with a longer life expectancy. Tarn and Haute-Garonne rank 2nd and 4th respectively among the French departments with the highest life expectancy for women.

The average age of mothers at childbirth is high in the departments of Hérault and Tarn, rising from 29.8 years to 31.1 years (Hérault) and from 30.6 years to 31.8 years (Tarn) between 2000 and 2020. These changes reflect national trend, but are more pronounced in these two departments. In Occitania, the total fertility rate is lower than the national average (169 children per 100 women in Hérault and 158 in Tarn, compared to 182 in France).

According to this criterion, the department of Pyrénées-Orientales stands out. Especially between young men and women, with 46.5% of women aged 20 to 24 still living with their parents, compared to 60.5% of men of the same age.

Although women are almost as involved in public life as men, they are less likely to be mayors, only 20 percent. 42% of municipal council members are women, but this figure is misleading because it is linked to the legislative framework that imposes parity rules.

On average, men earn 17% more than women, for the same working hours. For a full-time job, a woman earns an average of €2,080 per month compared to €2,440 for men in 2021. In the region, differences are more pronounced among managers. The wages of female workers are also significantly lower than the wages of men. The difference is less pronounced between women and men. Inequality in wages is greatest in the Haute-Garonne department. Men earn 21% more than women for the same working hours, due to the large number of managers and the large wage gap between female and male managers. In contrast, in Gers and Lozère the differences in wages are less pronounced: men earn 10% more than women. Salary differences are greater at the end of a career. Women aged 25 to 34 earn 9% less than their male peers for equal working hours. Between the ages of 50 and 64, the difference reaches 28%.

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