Understanding the CTET 2023 Syllabus for Teachers of Classes 1-8

The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is an exam conducted by the CBSE to determine eligibility for teaching jobs for classes 1-8. The CTET syllabus covers important areas like child psychology, teaching methodologies, languages, mathematics, sciences and social studies.

There are two papers in CTET – Paper I for teaching classes 1-5 and Paper II for teaching classes 6-8. Let’s look at the syllabus of these papers in more detail:

Paper I Syllabus (Classes 1-5)

Child Development and Pedagogy

This section includes:

  • Concepts of child development
  • Principles and influences on child development
  • Theories by Piaget, Kohlberg, Vygotsky
  • Inclusive education and special needs
  • Learning and pedagogy


There are two language sections:

  • Language I: Reading comprehension passages, pedagogy of language teaching
  • Language II: Reading comprehension, language pedagogy


Covers number systems, algebra, geometry, data handling, teaching methods

Environmental Studies

Topics covered include:

  • Family, food, shelter, travel
  • Pedagogical issues related to EVS

Paper II Syllabus (Classes 6-8)

Child Development and Pedagogy

Similar to Paper I with a focus on upper primary students.


Again two sections – Language I and II with reading comprehension passages and pedagogy.

Mathematics and Science

  • Mathematics includes number systems, algebra, geometry, mensuration, pedagogy
  • Science covers topics like food, materials, living things, electricity, magnetism, pedagogical issues.

Social Studies/Social Sciences

Includes history, geography, social and political life, pedagogical issues.

The syllabus also provides detailed curriculum from classes 1-8 for subjects like languages, mathematics, environmental studies, sciences and social sciences.

In summary, the CTET syllabus aims to assess a teacher’s knowledge across child psychology, teaching methodologies, languages, mathematics, sciences and social studies. Preparing for it requires thorough knowledge of the prescribed curriculum and pedagogy for primary and upper primary classes.

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