End of career after 37 years for the second holy number

Iran Khodro, the Iranian partner subsidiary of Peugeot, has announced the end of the career of the Peugeot 405, called “Pars” on its soil. The Sochaux family sedan stops after 37 years of continuous production. A review of the main versions that marked his career.

It's been a long time since the swan song was uttered this late in current car production. A model that has been in production for over ten years is frowned upon today, like a grieving lover who does not want to part with his beloved. And yet, some of them have happily passed this stage, mostly for economic reasons. It is a Peugeot 405 whose official production on the European market lasted from 1987 to 1996.

Peugeot 405: End of career after 37 years for the second sacred number

Complete renovation after 205

During the 80s, Peugeot was a very sick brand. Between the takeover of Citroën and Simco-Chrysler, the room for maneuver was so limited that the next model had to be doomed to fail. Death awaited Peugeot around the next corner, when the 205, launched in 1983, saved the Sochaux marque at the last minute. This unexpected and welcome success would put Peugeot back on track, starting with the renewal of its range. After the 205 in 1983 and the 309 in 1985, Peugeot released the 405 in 1987.

Peugeot 405: End of career after 37 years for the second sacred number

The 405 replaces the old 305, which was produced since 1978.Designed by Pininfarina in collaboration with the Peugeot styling office, the spirit of the French sedan was similar to that of the 205. The 405 had a fine and elegant line, both as a sedan and as a wagon. She was affordable, easy to maintain AND with excellent road characteristics.

Styling elements seen on the latest concept cars appeared on the family sedan, such as the grille, headlights, taillights or the “cheese grater” interlight grille typical of the 205 and 309.

The atmosphere on board was a weak point. Old, almost out of fashion, but still comfortable for long distances.

Four trim levels are available upon release: GL, GR, SR, ST. The most equipped versions were especially desirable. For example, versions SRi AND STi received a 4-cylinder 1.9 125 hp. Their diesel equivalent, STDTwas driven by a 4-cylinder 1.8 turbodiesel with 90 HP.

Peugeot 405: End of career after 37 years for the second sacred number

405 Mi16: Peugeot's sporty signature

The 405 could be available in an entry-level, luxury version STI/Signatureor sports s Mi16. The latter transforms the tricolor sedan into a road rage since its introduction. Mi16 receives specific front and rear guardsfrom 14 inch rims and one spoiler on the rear trunk.

His motorcycle 4 cylinders 1.9 16 valves developed 160 HP. WITH 220 km/h in the highest speed, for only 1,100 kg on the scale, the 405 Mi16 could compete with Citroën BX 16 valvesthere Renault 21 2L Turbothere BMW 325i or Alfa Romeo 155 Ti.

Motosport especially marked the career of the 405 Mi16. He gets fame from her participation in the Supertourism Championshipor even his victories at Paris-Dakar and Pikes Peakwhich 405 wins with the known Ari Vatanen at the wheel.

Very soon it will be the subject of another detailed paper about it…

Peugeot 405: End of career after 37 years for the second sacred number

The French sedan gets a mid-career restyling in 1992. Stern sport redesigned lights and an lower body neckline. Inside, the dashboard has been completely redesigned, and the finish takes a big step forward. The range is simplified with three levels of finish: Sillage, style and signature.

The Peugeot 405 retains its position as the official family car in the range until 1996ago 406 does not take over.

Peugeot 405: End of career after 37 years for the second sacred number

Career over… yes, but not for everyone!

If its production was stopped in 1995, one country will allow the 405 to exist until today: Iran. During the 1980s, the country was looking for a partner to motorize the Iranians at a low cost. A partnership was established between PSA and Iran Khodro. Licenses exchanged since 1990 allowed the Iranian consortium to produce two Peugeot models. 405 was the first of them.

The 405 RD/Roa is known for its raised rear axle. This turns the sedan into rear-wheel drive. It gets two specific finishes “GLX” and GRX”. During its career, it will be eligible for upgrades, such as the arrival of ABS, dual airbags, CD radio or even new cloth upholstery.

Peugeot 405: End of career after 37 years for the second sacred number

405 is the subject of a deep restyling in 1999 and takes a new name: the Peugeot Pars. Front side modernized and inspired by the 406 model, new rear trunk, redesigned dashboard… Pars has done well in the role of a popular car. It would hardly be missing in its territory, as a cheap variant!

Peugeot 405: End of career after 37 years for the second sacred number

It was the latter that suspended production this year due to new environmental standards and a lack of safety equipment. IKCO assessed that it is the bill was too high adapt the new mandatory safety equipment, thus bringing Pars up to standard.

The recipe for the 205 was applied with the same success: the Peugeot 405 is produced in more than 5 million copies, all together, between 1987 and 2024. For the Sochaux brand, 405 is definitely the “Second Holy Number”.​​​​​​​​

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